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Martin Luther King
He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience. King has become a national icon in the history of modern American liberalism.
In 1964, King received the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolence.
Martin Luther King was assassinated on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee. James Earl Ray, a fugitive from the Missouri State Penitentiary was charged with the crime.